Table of Contents
Best Way to Paint a Room Like a Professional – Follow these steps and you will produce an expert job without having to pay the cost of hiring an expert.
Table of Contents
Best Way to Paint a Room Like a Professional
1. Choose the Right Type of Paint – Latex or Oil?
Latex or water-based, paints are the most popular choice because they dry quicker than oil-based paint and don’t give off as much odor.
Latex paint is also less prone to fading or yellowing and provides a breathable surface that allows moisture to escape, which is the largest cause for “bubbling”.
However, alkyd or oil-based paints have the advantage of being more durable.
You should always choose alkyd paints when repainting exterior surfaces with heavy chalking (that powdery substance that comes off on your hand when you brush against it).
Or when repainting interior or exterior surfaces that have more than three layers of paint.
Alkyd paints can be trickier to apply than latex paints because they are thicker and will require the use of furpentine, paint thinner, or some other solvent during clean up.
On interior surfaces, it is always best to prime an alkyd surface first before applying a latex paint.
On exterior surface, oil-based paint is the favorite among the experts because of its durability, but make sure that the surface is absolutely clean and dry before applying.
Others will say that its best to start with an alkyd primer followed by a latex finish coat.
If painting a kitchen or bathroom, choose paint specially designed for these areas. These paints are more mold-, mildew-, and humidity-resistant.
Although it may seem like an added expense, the cost is worth it. At the very least, add a mildewcide to the paint before using.
2. Choose the Right Finish
Flat, eggshell, semi-gloss, high gloss—does it matter what type of finish? Yes, the right finish is important, especially since most paints come in all three varieties.
For one, flat paints will attract mildew quicker than semi-gloss or high gloss paint. This is because glossier paints have no pores for the mold to grab onto to grow.
Semi-gloss and high gloss paint is also more durable and wipe clean easily. They will stand up to stains and scuffings, which makes them perfect for high traffic areas.
However, flat paints are better at concealing imperfections in the surface. They will make surfaces appear smoother and more uniform.
Paints with an eggshell, or satin, finish have a finish that falls in between the flat and semi-gloss. They are ideal for bedrooms and living rooms.
They will give a room more depth and warmth and are slightly more durable than flat paints.
Remember, the higher the gloss, the more imperfections you will notice.
Also, when painting a wall that the natural light hits on an angle to how you look at it, try to use a flatter paint as even lap marks will be more visible.
3. Choose the Right Tools
While power rollers and paint sprayers can be time-savers, they are not practical for smaller or complicated rooms. Painting these rooms is better done in the traditional manner.
For most jobs, all you will need is a roller, a tray and a few brushes that vary between one-inch to four-inches wide for the trim and detail work.
Make sure you also have the equipment needed to prepare and protect surfaces around the area you plan to paint.
4. Prepare the Surface
Failing to prepare your surface before painting will only diminish the durability of your paint. Even worse, all the blemishes, marks, and imperfections that you were trying to cover will remain visible.
The first thing you need to is to remove everything from the walls. Take down the curtains and remove the switch plates and any pictures or other objects hanging on the walls.
Then, cover all surrounding floors, cabinets, and fixtures with drop cloths or flattened out corrugated boxes.
Next, you want to clean the walls and trim thoroughly. Use hot water and a little bit of detergent soap to T.S.P., then rinse thoroughly.
Once the walls have dried, patch any holes, cracks, or joints with spackling compound. Let it dry and the sand with fine grade sandpaper until smooth.
Also, sand down any glossy surfaces. Wipe all sanded surfaces with a damp cloth to remove all residues.
5. Protect the Surface
If you have a steady hand, you might not need masking tape to cover the edges. If you don’t, invest in the special blue painter’s tape rather than using regular masking tape—especially on painted surfaces.
Regular masking tape might damage the very surface you are trying to protect.
Remove all hardware or wrap it in foil to protect them from overspray. Keep around a damp cloth and paper towels handy when painting.
Most paint spilled can be removed with these if they are caught soon enough. A razor blade is useful for removing dried paint from glass or windows.
6. Always prime before painting
Even if you do not need it, the primer will provide a better quality of your paint job. Some primers are designed for new walls while others will help cover up stains.
Use the right type of primer and have it tinted the same color as your paint. It might seem like an additional step, but primers will help reduce the number of coats you will have to do.
In fact, one coat of tinted primer and one finish coat will do the job in a lot of cases rather than 2-3 finish coats.
Using a brush to cover any area that is too tight to accommodate a roller as well as to apply a one-inch border of paint around any windows and doors, where the wall meets the ceiling and floor, and in corners.
Work in small sections so that the paint will still be wet when you go to use the roller.
When using a brush, dip the bristles of the paint about halfway into the paint and then tap the brush against the edge to remove any excess.
Hold the handle at the base and press gently so that the bristles flex slightly. Brush in both directions to avoid any streaking.
Rollers provide even coverage with little color variation and are much quicker than painting with a brush. Make sure your roller has the right nap for the surface you are painting.
Dip the roller into the paint so that it is well covered, but not saturated. Roll the roller over the ridges of the pan to ensure that it will spread the paint smoothly.
Prepare to cover about four feet of surface for each “dip” you do with your roller. For best results, paint a large M onto the wall, and then roll from side to side to spread the paint.
Finish up with light up and down strokes for an even finish